Elba, AL Profile: Facts & Data


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Elba, Alabama - Basic Facts

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The City of Elba had a population of 3,540 as of July 1, 2022. Elba ranks in the upper quartile for Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Alabama. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Elba is located at latitude 31.4146 and longitude -86.0677 in Coffee County. The formal boundaries for the City of Elba encompass a land area of 15.34 sq. miles and a water area of 0.08 sq. miles. Coffee County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). The elevation is 190 feet.

The City of Elba has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Alabama is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Elba is located within Elba Division of Coffee County.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Elba: Bentonville, Bridgeville, City of Flowing Wells.

Jump to... (On This Page!)
  1. Elba 2022 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Elba (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. Alabama Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. Alabama Data Comparison Tool - 2022 Demographics

Elba, AL Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2022)


Total Population 3,540 (100%)
Population in Households 3,264 (92.2%)
Population in Families 2,645 (74.7%)
Population in Group Quarters1 276 ( 7.8%)
Population Density 231
Diversity Index2 54


Median Household Income $50,655
Average Household Income $67,140
% of Income for Mortgage4 12%
Per Capita Income $25,983
Wealth Index5 55


Total HU (Housing Units) 1,675 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 889 (53.1%)
Renter Occupied HU 464 (27.7%)
Vacant Housing Units 322 (19.2%)
Median Home Value $117,391
Average Home Value $136,909
Housing Affordability Index3 220


Total Households 1,353
Average Household Size 2.41
Family Households 871
Average Family Size 3.00
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.


2020-2022 2022-2027
Population 0.40% 0.24%
Households 0.33% 0.26%
Families   0.18%
Median Household Income   1.00%
Per Capita Income   2.63%
Owner Occupied HU   0.36%

Elba, AL - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Elba to the other 593 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Alabama by rank and percentile using July 1, 2022 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 147 75th
Population Density # 291 51st
Median Household Income # 285 52nd
Housing Affordability Index # 483 81st
Per Capita Income # 355 40th
Diversity Index # 140 77th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Alabama Census Data Comparison Tool.

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