Selma, AL Profile: Facts & Data


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Selma, Alabama - Basic Facts

The Selma had a population of 17,315 as of July 1, 2023. Selma ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Alabama. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Selma is located at latitude 32.4074 and longitude -87.0211 in Dallas County. Dallas County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6).

It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Alabama is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The Selma is located within Selma Division of Dallas County.

Jump to... (On This Page!)
  1. Selma 2023 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Selma (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. Alabama Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. Alabama Data Comparison Tool - 2023 Demographics

Selma, AL Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2023)


Total Population 17,315 (100%)
Population in Households 16,925 (97.7%)
Population in Families 13,621 (78.7%)
Population in Group Quarters1 390 ( 2.3%)
Population Density 1,254
Diversity Index2 32


Median Household Income $28,907
Average Household Income $47,581
% of Income for Mortgage4 19%
Per Capita Income $20,371
Wealth Index5 33
Socioeconomic Status Index6 Low (39.7)


Total HU (Housing Units) 8,836 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 3,486 (39.5%)
Renter Occupied HU 3,884 (44.0%)
Vacant Housing Units 1,466 (16.6%)
Median Home Value $91,196
Average Home Value $117,857
Housing Affordability Index3 135


Total Households 7,370
Average Household Size 2.30
Family Households 4,505
Average Family Size 3.00
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.
  6. The Socioeconomic Index ranges from zero (lowest relative status) to 100 (highest relative status). This measure quantifies disparities in social position of an area's inhabitants and is built from a broad range of demographic, housing, and socioeconomic inputs. More information on this measure can be found in Esri's SEI tutorial.


2020-2023 2023-2028
Population -1.14% -0.84%
Households -0.81% -0.57%
Families   -0.72%
Median Household Income   1.96%
Per Capita Income   3.05%
Owner Occupied HU   -0.28%

Selma, AL - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Selma to the other 593 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Alabama by rank and percentile using July 1, 2023 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 37 94th
Population Density # 34 94th
Median Household Income # 554 7th
Housing Affordability Index # 261 44th
Per Capita Income # 539 9th
Diversity Index # 390 35th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Alabama Census Data Comparison Tool.

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