Huntsville, AL Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Huntsville, Alabama - Basic Facts

The City of Huntsville had a population of 197,899 as of July 1, 2017. Huntsville ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Alabama. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Huntsville is located at latitude 34.699 and longitude -86.673 in Madison County. The formal boundaries for the City of Huntsville (see map below) encompass a land area of 212.4 sq. miles and a water area of 1.34 sq. miles. Madison County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). The elevation is 633 feet.

While the primary coordinates for City of Huntsville are located in Madison County, it should be noted that the formal boundaries for this community also extend into and Limestone County.

The City of Huntsville (GNIS ID: 2404746) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Alabama is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Huntsville is located within Redstone Arsenal Division of Madison County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Huntsville population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2017.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Huntsville: Hunts Spring, Twickenham.

EXTREMELY LOCAL Demographic Data

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City of Huntsville, AL Boundary Map

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Boundary Maps: Redstone Arsenal Division | Madison County | Alabama Counties

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Huntsville, AL Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2017)


Total Population 197,899
Daytime Population: Workers 131,444
Daytime Population: Residents 104,612
Total Daytime Population (TDP) 236,056
Ratio TDP/Total Population1 1.19
Population in Households 191,335
Population in Familes 144,978
Population in Group Qrtrs 6,564
Population Density2 932
Diversity Index3 60


Median Household Income $52,674
Average Household Income $76,703
Per Capita Income $33,327


Total Housing Units 94,308 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 47,630 (50.5%)
Renter Occupied HU 37,571 (39.8%)
Vacant Housing Units 9,107 ( 9.7%)
Median Home Value $172,509
Average Home Value $219,014


Total Households 85,201
Average Household Size 2.25
Family Households 49,704
Average Family Size 3
  1. If the ratio of the TDP to Total Population is greater than 1, the location gains population during the day when commuting workers are present. If the ratio is less than 1, the location is more of a bedroom community where people commute to another place for work.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2017 2017-2022
Population 1.31% 1.06%
Households 1.4% 1.13%
Families 1.26% 0.96%
Median Household Income   1.98%
Per Capita Income   2.34%

Huntsville, AL - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Huntsville to the other 580 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Alabama by rank and percentile using July 1, 2017 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 3 100th
Population Density # 52 91st
Diversity Index # 27 96th
Median Household Income # 88 85th
Per Capita Income # 32 95th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Alabama Census Data Comparison Tool.

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