Birmingham, AL Profile: Facts & Data


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Birmingham, Alabama - Basic Facts

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The City of Birmingham had a population of 202,027 as of July 1, 2022. Birmingham ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Alabama. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Birmingham is located at latitude 33.5207 and longitude -86.8025 in Jefferson County. The formal boundaries for the City of Birmingham encompass a land area of 146.02 sq. miles and a water area of 2.55 sq. miles. Jefferson County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). The elevation is 610 feet.

While the primary coordinates for City of Birmingham are located in Jefferson County, it should be noted that the formal boundaries for this community also extend into and Shelby County.

The City of Birmingham has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Alabama is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Birmingham is located within Birmingham Division of Jefferson County.

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  1. Birmingham 2022 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Birmingham (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. Alabama Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. Alabama Data Comparison Tool - 2022 Demographics

Birmingham, AL Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2022)


Total Population 202,027 (100%)
Population in Households 192,895 (95.5%)
Population in Families 137,244 (67.9%)
Population in Group Quarters1 9,132 ( 4.5%)
Population Density 1,374
Diversity Index2 53


Median Household Income $40,869
Average Household Income $65,724
% of Income for Mortgage4 19%
Per Capita Income $29,196
Wealth Index5 49


Total HU (Housing Units) 107,902 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 41,884 (38.8%)
Renter Occupied HU 48,678 (45.1%)
Vacant Housing Units 17,340 (16.1%)
Median Home Value $144,726
Average Home Value $238,399
Housing Affordability Index3 138


Total Households 90,562
Average Household Size 2.13
Family Households 47,617
Average Family Size 3.00
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.


2020-2022 2022-2027
Population 0.29% -0.08%
Households 0.29% 0.03%
Families   -0.13%
Median Household Income   4.34%
Per Capita Income   3.76%
Owner Occupied HU   0.22%

Birmingham, AL - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Birmingham to the other 593 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Alabama by rank and percentile using July 1, 2022 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 2 100th
Population Density # 28 95th
Median Household Income # 449 24th
Housing Affordability Index # 128 22nd
Per Capita Income # 249 58th
Diversity Index # 149 75th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Alabama Census Data Comparison Tool.

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