Alabama Gazetteer

Alabama - Basic Information

Became a State: December 14, 1819 - 22nd State
Population: 4,779,736 (2010 Census) - Ranks 23rd
Land Area: 50,645.3 square miles - Ranks 28th
Population Density: 94.4 persons per square mile - Ranks 27th
Housing Units: 2,171,853 (2010 Census)
Housing Unit Density: 42.9 housing units per square mile
July 1, 2015 Estimates: Alabama Data and Demographics
State Capital: Montgomery
State Website: Official State of Alabama Website
Alabama State Flag
Alabama state flag

Alabama History


The area of Alabama north of the 31st parallel was part of the original territory of the United States. The northern two-thirds were a part of Georgia until 1802. The southern one-third of the territory north of the 31st parallel was unorganized until 1798 with the creation of Mississippi Territory. The United States claimed the territory south of the 31st parallel as part of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, but did not formally acquire this territory from Spain until 1812. Alabama Territory was organized from the eastern part of Mississippi Territory on March 3, 1817, with generally the same boundary as the present state.

Although the territory had not yet been legally established, census data for Alabama are available beginning with the 1800 census. The 1800 population shown for Alabama is for that portion of the present state north of the 31st parallel that was part of Mississippi Territory; it does not include population in the area claimed by Georgia. The 1810 population shown is for all of the present state north of the 31st parallel. The population of the entire legally established Mississippi Territory (of which the area of Alabama was a part) was 40,352 in 1810 and 8,550 in 1800.

Data for the legally established state of Alabama are available beginning with the 1820 census.

Alabama Geographical Areas

See: Geographic Terms & Concepts

Counties & County Equivalents

Interactive Map of Alabama Counties | Static Overview Map of Alabama Counties

There are 67 counties in Alabama.  Each county is governed by a county commission.

County Subdivisions

There are 390 county subdivisions in Alabama.  They are all census county divisions (CCDs), which are delineated for statistical purposes, have no legal function, and are not governmental units.

Places (Incorporated Cities, Towns & Census Designated Places (CDPs))

Alabama has 578 places; 460 incorporated places and 118 census designated places (CDPs).  The incorporated places consist of 167 cities and 293 towns.  Cities have a minimum population threshold of 2,000 people and towns have between 300 and 1,999 people.  A minimum population of 300 is required to incorporate in Alabama.

Alphabetical List of Cities, Towns, CDPs and Other Populated Places
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q, R | S | T | U, V | W, X, Y, Z

Hyperlocal Research

Address Based Hyperlocal Research Tool Input an address and get data & demographs for the local area. The data is for the appropriate Census Block Group which is the smallest geographical unit used by the Census Bureau for reporting certain types of data. You'll also get a customized searchable map and a customized directory that are based on the geographic coordinates for the address.

Alabama Civil Features

Alabama Civil Features: Political Subdivisions, Native Areas, Land Grants, etc. - sorted by Census Class Codes.

Metropolitan and Micropolitan Stastical Areas

There are 12 Metropolitan and 9 Micropolitan Statistical Areas in Alabama. AL Metopolitan & Micropolitan Areas

Alabama ZIP Code Tabulation Areas

There are 645 ZIP Code tabulation areas (ZCTAs) in Alabama. View Alabama ZIP Codes and ZIP Code Maps.

School Districts

Alabama has 134 unified school districts.  The Department of Defense runs two of the unified school districts in Alabama. View Alabama Public and Private Schools.

Congressional Districts

Alabama has 7 congressional districts. An interactive map shows the contact information for each Representative as well as the boundaries for each Alabama district. View Map of Alabama Congressional Districts.

State Legislative Districts

There are 35 state senate districts and 105 state house districts in Alabama.

American Indian Areas

Alabama has one federally recognized American Indian area reservation and off reservation trust land, one state recognized reservation, and six state designated tribal statistical areas.

Alabama Physical, Cultural and Historic Features

  1. Alabama Physical Features such as lakes, islands, streams, valleys, summits, etc.
  2. Alabama Cultural Features such as schools, churches, hospitals, parks, dams, reservoirs, etc.
  3. Alabama Historical Features and Alabama Historic Landmarks

Alabama Maps

  • To find a ZIP Code: input the address in the top-left search box of any ZIP Code Map.
  • To find the County: input the address in the top-left search box of the interactive AL map.
  • To find the School Attendance Zone: input the address in the top-left search box of any AL school map

Alabama Census Data Comparison Tool

Compare Alabama Census Data
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