Madison, AL Profile: Facts & Data


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Madison, Alabama - Basic Facts

The City of Madison is the 10th largest city in Alabama with a population of 51,042 as of July 1, 2020. Madison ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Alabama. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Madison is located at latitude 34.6993 and longitude -86.7483 in Madison County. The formal boundaries for the City of Madison encompass a land area of 29.61 sq. miles and a water area of 0.13 sq. miles. Madison County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). The elevation is 705 feet.

While the primary coordinates for City of Madison are located in Madison County, it should be noted that the formal boundaries for this community also extend into and Limestone County.

The City of Madison (GNIS ID: 2404989) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Alabama is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Madison is located within Madison Division of Madison County.


Madison, AL Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2020)


Total Population 51,042 (100%)
Population in Households 50,913 (99.7%)
Population in Families 43,554 (85.3%)
Population in Group Quarters1 129 ( 0.3%)
Population Density 1,684
Diversity Index2 51


Median Household Income $94,864
Average Household Income $118,714
% of Income for Mortgage4 12%
Per Capita Income $45,341
Wealth Index5 145


Total HU (Housing Units) 20,552 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 12,989 (63.2%)
Renter Occupied HU 6,140 (29.9%)
Vacant Housing Units 1,423 ( 6.9%)
Median Home Value $261,700
Average Home Value $285,284
Housing Affordability Index3 220


Total Households 19,129
Average Household Size 2.66
Family Households 13,544
Average Family Size 3
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.


2010-2020 2020-2025
Population 1.65% 1.47%
Households 1.63% 1.44%
Families 1.32% 1.32%
Median Household Income   1.25%
Per Capita Income   1.93%
Owner Occupied HU   1.17%


Madison, AL - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Madison to the other 586 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Alabama by rank and percentile using July 1, 2020 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 10 98th
Population Density # 12 98th
Median Household Income # 8 99th
Housing Affordability Index # 223 38th
Per Capita Income # 12 98th
Diversity Index # 125 78th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Alabama Census Data Comparison Tool.

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