Columbia, AL Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Columbia, Alabama - Basic Facts

The Town of Columbia is an incorporated place (Class Code P1) located in Houston County at latitude 31.2954 and longitude -85.1102. Houston County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). The elevation is 210 feet.

The formal official name is the Town of Columbia, but most people and references simply refer to it as Columbia, Alabama.

The P1 Census Class Code for Columbia indicates a populated place that is also an incorporated place with the same name and the same census code. The Incorporated Place has a Functional Status Code "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The formal boundaries for the Town of Columbia (see map below) encompass a land area of 3.93 sq. miles and a water area of 0.07 sq. miles.

Town of Columbia, AL Boundary Map


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Columbia, AL Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2014)


Total Population 699
Population in Households 699
Population in Familes 552
Population in Group Qrtrs 0
Population Density1 178
Diversity Index2 39


Total Households 315
Average Household Size 2.22
Family Households 194
Average Family Size 3


Total Housing Units 403 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 222 (55.1%)
Renter Occupied HU 93 (23.1%)
Vacant Housing Units 88 (21.8%)
Median Home Value $85,616
Average Home Value $97,410


Median Household Income $23,510
Average Household Income $38,355
Per Capita Income $17,285
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


2010-2014 2014-2019
Population -1.33% -0.7%
Households -1.16% -0.64%
Families -1.51% -0.84%
Median Household Income   3.88%
Per Capita Income   2.09%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.


Columbia, AL - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Columbia to the other 578 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Alabama by rank and percentile using July 1, 2014 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 362 38th
Population Density1 # 363 37th
Diversity Index2 # 243 58th
Median Household Income # 550 5th
Per Capita Income # 420 28th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Alabama Census Data Comparison Tool.