Birmingham, AL Profile: Facts, Map & Data


Birmingham Local Links & Resources:
Hotels | Resources | ALL Birmingham Content

Also See: Birmingham, AL ZIP Codes & ZIP Code Maps | Local Area Photos

Birmingham, Alabama - Basic Facts

The City of Birmingham had a population of 213,463 as of July 1, 2016. Birmingham ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Alabama. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Birmingham is located at latitude 33.5274 and longitude -86.799 in Jefferson County. The formal boundaries for the City of Birmingham (see map below) encompass a land area of 146.02 sq. miles and a water area of 2.55 sq. miles. Jefferson County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). The elevation is 614 feet.

While the primary coordinates for City of Birmingham are located in Jefferson County, it should be noted that the formal boundaries for this community also extend into and Shelby County.

The City of Birmingham (GNIS ID: 2403868) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Alabama is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Birmingham is located within Birmingham Division of Jefferson County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Birmingham population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2016.

Neighborhood Data

Address Based Hyperlocal Data Input an address and get data & demographics for the pertinent census block group (CBG), a searchable map and a customized directory. The CBG is the smallest geographical unit used by the Census Bureau for reporting certain data.


City of Birmingham, AL Boundary Map

Also See: BIG Map | Driving Directions | AL Congressional Districts
Boundary Maps: Birmingham Division | Jefferson County | Alabama Counties

Search the map for:

Birmingham, AL Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2016)


Total Population 213,463
Population in Households 204,291
Population in Familes 150,215
Population in Group Qrtrs 9,172
Population Density1 1,462
Diversity Index2 46


Total Households 89,953
Average Household Size 2.27
Family Households 49,400
Average Family Size 3


Total Housing Units 112,491 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 43,352 (38.5%)
Renter Occupied HU 46,601 (41.4%)
Vacant Housing Units 22,538 (20.0%)
Median Home Value $92,653
Average Home Value $140,903


Median Household Income $31,791
Average Household Income $47,327
Per Capita Income $20,290
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


2010-2015 2015-2020
Population 0.1% 0.27%
Households 0.11% 0.3%
Families 0.09% 0.16%
Median Household Income   0.13%
Per Capita Income   1.47%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.

Birmingham, AL - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Birmingham to the other 580 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Alabama by rank and percentile using July 1, 2016 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 1 100th
Population Density1 # 20 97th
Diversity Index2 # 185 68th
Median Household Income # 445 23rd
Per Capita Income # 286 51st

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Alabama Census Data Comparison Tool.

Alabama Research Tools

Alabama Census Data Comparison Tool

Compare Alabama Census Data
Highest or Lowest: