Decatur, AL Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Decatur, Alabama - Basic Facts

The City of Decatur had a population of 56,094 as of July 1, 2016. Decatur ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Alabama. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Decatur is located at latitude 34.5733 and longitude -86.9921 in Morgan County. The formal boundaries for the City of Decatur (see map below) encompass a land area of 54.11 sq. miles and a water area of 6.79 sq. miles. Morgan County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). The elevation is 561 feet.

While the primary coordinates for City of Decatur are located in Morgan County, it should be noted that the formal boundaries for this community also extend into and Limestone County.

The City of Decatur (GNIS ID: 2404206) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Alabama is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Decatur is located within Decatur Division of Morgan County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Decatur population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2016.

Neighborhood Data

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City of Decatur, AL Boundary Map

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Boundary Maps: Decatur Division | Morgan County | Alabama Counties

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Decatur, AL Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2016)


Total Population 56,094
Population in Households 54,761
Population in Familes 44,327
Population in Group Qrtrs 1,333
Population Density1 1,037
Diversity Index2 64


Total Households 22,506
Average Household Size 2.43
Family Households 14,670
Average Family Size 3


Total Housing Units 24,761 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 13,689 (55.3%)
Renter Occupied HU 8,817 (35.6%)
Vacant Housing Units 2,255 ( 9.1%)
Median Home Value $129,133
Average Home Value $160,888


Median Household Income $41,631
Average Household Income $58,195
Per Capita Income $23,750
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


2010-2015 2015-2020
Population 0.13% 0.09%
Households -0.04% -0.01%
Families -0.25% -0.1%
Median Household Income   1.67%
Per Capita Income   1.48%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.

Decatur, AL - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Decatur to the other 580 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Alabama by rank and percentile using July 1, 2016 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 9 99th
Population Density1 # 42 93rd
Diversity Index2 # 12 98th
Median Household Income # 199 66th
Per Capita Income # 124 79th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Alabama Census Data Comparison Tool.

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