Gadsden, AL Profile: Facts & Data


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Gadsden, Alabama - Basic Facts

The Gadsden had a population of 33,535 as of July 1, 2023. Gadsden ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Alabama. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Gadsden is located at latitude 34.0143 and longitude -86.0066 in Etowah County. Etowah County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6).

It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Alabama is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The Gadsden is located within Gadsden Division of Etowah County.

Jump to... (On This Page!)
  1. Gadsden 2023 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Gadsden (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. Alabama Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. Alabama Data Comparison Tool - 2023 Demographics

Gadsden, AL Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2023)


Total Population 33,535 (100%)
Population in Households 32,412 (96.7%)
Population in Families 24,756 (73.8%)
Population in Group Quarters1 1,123 ( 3.3%)
Population Density 896
Diversity Index2 67


Median Household Income $35,965
Average Household Income $50,016
% of Income for Mortgage4 16%
Per Capita Income $21,678
Wealth Index5 36
Socioeconomic Status Index6 Low (40.2)


Total HU (Housing Units) 16,648 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 8,450 (50.8%)
Renter Occupied HU 5,566 (33.4%)
Vacant Housing Units 2,632 (15.8%)
Median Home Value $98,484
Average Home Value $137,973
Housing Affordability Index3 158


Total Households 14,016
Average Household Size 2.31
Family Households 8,002
Average Family Size 3.00
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.
  6. The Socioeconomic Index ranges from zero (lowest relative status) to 100 (highest relative status). This measure quantifies disparities in social position of an area's inhabitants and is built from a broad range of demographic, housing, and socioeconomic inputs. More information on this measure can be found in Esri's SEI tutorial.


2020-2023 2023-2028
Population -0.38% -0.25%
Households -0.27% -0.13%
Families   -0.28%
Median Household Income   1.81%
Per Capita Income   2.42%
Owner Occupied HU   0.05%

Gadsden, AL - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Gadsden to the other 593 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Alabama by rank and percentile using July 1, 2023 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 16 97th
Population Density # 58 90th
Median Household Income # 500 16th
Housing Affordability Index # 401 68th
Per Capita Income # 513 14th
Diversity Index # 19 97th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Alabama Census Data Comparison Tool.

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